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15 Jun 2012

Compensation : from advocacy to right

Illustration for article: Compensation : from advocacy to right
By instigating the right to compensation for disabilities in France, the law of 11 February 2005 was an important step forward towards the acquisition of citizenship for people with disabilities. AFM-Téléthon was one of the key players in designing this innovative concept and bringing it into law.

Membership in society, not charity

In view of this charity aspect, AFM-Téléthon campaigned for recognition of citizenship for people with disabilities. In 1980 the World Health Organization published an international classification of disabilities, emphasising the social disadvantage suffered by people suffering from deficiencies or disability. This led to the idea that a disability is not explained by the person's characteristics but by the obstacles he faces in order to lead a normal life as a full member of society: segregation, inaccessibility of public places and cost of technical aid, for example. In other words, the person is not disabled, but in a situation of disability because the environment is inadequate.

The fight continues

Based on these new approaches, the association defined an innovative principle for covering disability: the right to compensation for the social disadvantage linked to personal disability, which includes coverage for the assistance the disabled person needs. From the end of the 1990s, in collaboration with APF, AFM-Téléthon constantly pushed to obtain this advantage. In 2005, the law on disabilities finally included it. But the battle is not over. We still have to see it applied in full.